The audit, commissioned by the National Commission for Protection for Child Rights, also found that 2,764 (38%) CCIs did not have adequate measures to prevent any form of physical and emotional abuse of children. The report, which focussed on assessing the compliance by institutions to the JJ Act and rules on registration, funding, child protection measures and infrastructure, found a severe shortage of staff in CCIs.
Only 52% CCIs have adequate number of counsellors, just 49% were steered by enough critical first line of care-givers — the house mother and house father. Just 26% (1,883) CCIs had adequate number of child welfare officers, probation officers, case workers and 45.5% (3,256) had a medical officer or physician including the ‘on call’ doctor.
In terms of infrastructure, while 6,094 CCIs (85%) were able to provide one bed per child, 1,069 did not have provision for the same. Of the total CCIs, 95% had dormitories, 88% had bathrooms and 82% had toilets. As per the JJ rules, every CCI must have bathrooms in the proportion of at least one bath room for 10 children. However, the audit states that 1,062 (15%) CCIs did not meet the criteria. Similarly, norms stipulate at least one toilet for seven children. Here too as many as 1,504 (21%) did not have adequate facilities.
The audit was carried out by Lucknow-based Academy of Management Studies that collected all data through on ground visits and facts gathered from CCIs through questionnaires.
According to the JJ Act, all CCIs have to register as per law and at the time of registration, the state government must determine and record capacity and purpose of each institution. This applies to children’s home, open shelter, specialised adoption agency, observation home for juveniles in conflict with law and special home (place of safety) also for juveniles.
Overall the audit found 5,124 (72%) CCIs across categories registered under JJ Act and 2,039 (29%) out of the loop despite Supreme Court directives for compliance with the law. State-wise data shows that 89% homes in Maharashtra, 62% in Himachal Pradesh, 52% in Tripura, 47% in Delhi, 42% in Kerala, 40% in Telangana and 40% in Madhya Pradesh were not registered under the JJ Act. Only in Chhattisgarh, Chandigarh and Andamans & Nicobar Islands, all homes were registered under the JJ Act.
The audit found that random visits by state inspection committees were not carried out in 2,837 (39.6%) CCIs. Also 28.4% CCIs were not inspected by the Child Welfare Committee/JJ Board.